A Visit to the Wuyi Mountains
The Wuyishan Scenic Area is located in northern Fujian Province, on China's southeastern coast. It is a typical Danxia landform, situated on the southwestern slope of the northern section of the Wuyi Mountains. Its main attractions are the Nine-bend Stream and 36 peaks. The stream flows down the mountain in a zigzag way, and the 36 peaks are all of red sandstone. The highest peak is Dawang, standing at the mouth of the Nine-bend Stream, and there are also the Goddess Peak and Fishing Terrace, with their reflections on the surface of the stream forming a contrast of green water and red mountains.
With a humid and warm climate, the Wuyi Mountains are rich in flora and fauna, including several thousand subtropical plant species, rare flowers and trees as well as precious animals.
In the past 2,000 years, famous figures such as emperors, officials and men of letters etc. have come to the mountains to worship, tour or give lectures, leaving 300 historical sites, such as temples, academies, pavilions and towers. At the foot of the mountains, there are remains of a Han Dynasty city and kilns of the Song Dynasty. On the 36 peaks, there are more than 700 places carved with inscriptions.
Tourists can ride a bamboo raft to enjoy the picturesque landscape along the Nine-bend Stream, as reflected in the ancient lines: "The landscape of the Wuyi Mountains is marvelous; it is a fairyland in the human world." Relaxation is guaranteed from a tour of this unpolluted land with blue sky, clear water and fresh air.
The Wuyi Mountains are outstanding for their combination of natural and man-made sights, serving as one of the precious natural and cultural heritage sites not only in China but also in the world.
Wuyi's historical sites include hanging coffins from 3,800 years ago, the remains of the city of King Minyue of the Western Han Dynasty, and 187 temples of Taoist, Buddhist and Confucian schools, as well as more than 400 sites of cliff inscriptions of poems left by men of letters since the Northern and Southern Dynasties.
The area of the Wuyi Mountains is also one of the places in south China rich in biological resources, with more than 3,000 plant species, including more than 1,000 tree species. Moreover, Wuyi Rock Tea, one of the two famous tea categories of Fujian, is produced here. Entering the Wuyi Mountains, one finds himself in a world of tea. The Wuyi's peaks, shrouded with clouds and mists, only get short period of time in the sunshine, and the soil and water are unpolluted. All these guarantee the quality of Rock Tea. There are more than 100 varieties, and Dahongpao (Red Robe) is the best known among them. Dahongpao Tea grows in Jiulongge near Tianxin Rock. Its output is minimal. For the convenience of tourists, the Wuyishan Scenic Area Administration has made Jiulongge a tourist spot. Tourists can take a bus to the entrance of Jiulongge.
At every resting-place in the scenic area, Rock Tea is available to tourists. A pot of tea is priced differently according to its variety. Sitting on a bamboo stool by a bamboo table in the Wuyi Mountains and sipping Rock Tea, one feels a pleasant sense of relaxation. To let tourists have a better understanding of Wuyi Rock Tea, the scenic area has preserved several tea processing workshops. Tourists can see various procedures of tea processing and also try their hands to experience how tea is processed. In addition, the local people demonstrate tea-serving ceremonies and give song and dance performances to promote the local tea culture.
Tourists will find that a tour to the Wuyi Mountains is worthwhile.