Culture of Mount Wuyi
Mount Wuyi is a famous cultural mountain with a long history. Since the Qin and Han dynasties, it has been held in great esteem, and in the Tang Dynasty (618-907), it was named a famous mountain by the Court. It was reputed to be the location of the "No.16 Cavern" by the Taoists, and of the "Cavern of Idealist Philosophy in the South" in the Song Dynasty (960-1279). Zhu Xi, a scholar who created Neo-Confucianism during the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), installed himself in the "Wuyi Best Cottage" here, where he gathered his disciples, gave lectures and wrote books, thus turning it into a cultural and academic center in Southeast China. Many men of letters, such as Li Shangyin, Lu You, Xin Qiji,
Liu Yong, Xu Xiake and Qi Jiguang toured Mount Wuyi, leaving more than 2,000 immortal articles and poems in the area. Mount Wuyi has numerous unique historical sites, such as the boat-shaped coffins of the Shang (ca. 16th-11th century B.C.) and Western Zhou (11th century-771B.C.) dynasties, the ruins of an ancient city of the Han Dynasty, the ruins of the Ziyang Academy, the ruins of the 10,000 Year Palace, Cheng Village the Xiamei Building Complex of the Qing Dynasty, the Yongle Buddhist Temple, the Taoyuandong Taoist Temple, the Zhizhi Nunnery, Yuqing Bridge and ancient cliff carvings. There is a wealth of folk takes about the mountain. Scholar Cai Shangsi wrote a poem: "Eastern Zhou gave birth to Confucius, and Southern Song, to Zhu Xi. China's ancient culture is represented by Mount Tai and Mount Wuyi."