Turpan, situated in the basin of eastern Tianshan Mountain, is an important city with more than 2,000 years of history on the ancient Silk Road, it is also a main artery connecting the inner part of China, the other parts of Xinjiang Province and the Central Asia, Turpan was once the political, economical and cultural center of ancient Western Region of China. A large number of cultural relics and historical facts show that Turpan was a place where the Chinese civilization, Indian civilization, Islamic civilization, and ancient Greek and Rome civilization were coexisted in a certain period of time. It is a brilliant pearl on the ancient Silk Road.

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