Tongdao Dong Autonomous County

Located in the southeast o Hunan Province and the junction of Hunan, Guizhou and Guangxi Province, Tongdao Dong Nationality Autonomous County is an important connection between the eastern littoral area and the middle or eastern area of China. It’s situated in the transition zone from Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau to Nanling Mountainous region in south and in the remaining mountain south to Xuefengshan Mountain; belong to the anabranches of Yangtze River and Zhujiang Diver. It connects Suining County and Chengdu County og Hunan in east, Jingzhou County in north, Sanjiang County and Longsheng County of Guangxi in south, AND Liping County of Guizhou in west. In the history, it was the boundary zone between Chu State and Yue State. With a total area around 2,239 square kilometers, it holds 1.4% of the total area of Hunan Province. It has a subtropical monsoon humid climate, with luxuriant vegetations for all the year, cool in summer and warm in winter. Totally, there are 21v towns (total population: roughly 230,000), 13 nationalities (Dong, Han, Miao, Yao as the main body and taking 81.3% of all), among which Dong people hold 78.3% of all. As the earliest nationality autonomous county in Hunan Province, Tongdao was listed as the key poverty-alleviation county in Feb. 2002 and as the old revolutionary county in 2007. The county government is set up in Shuangjiang Town. 

Tongdao Dong Nationality Autonomous County

Long History 

Wanfoshan area was first inhabited during the Neolithic Age as “Dahuang” relics have been found in the area. In the history, Tongdao hold an important martial strategic status: it was a strategic place southwest to Lizhou in Spring Autumn Warring States; the first Emperor of Qin Dynasty subdued Ling Nan area in Jiangcheng Ridge; a marching drum was left when Zhuge Liang paused in Tongdao in the south conquest in three Kingdoms period; Shi Dakai occupied Tongdao from Guangxi in Taiping Regime period, etc. As recorded, this district was subjected to Qianzhong Prefecture in Qing Dynasty, to Jiangcheng County in Western Han Dynasty, to Langxi County in Tang Dynasty and to Luomeng County in 1103 (then second year of Emperor Chongning of Northern Song,) and then became Tongdao County ever since. It was a history of 1,300 years since the 9th year of Emperor Tang Taizong in Tang Dynasty. 

The Significance in the History of the Communist Party of China

During the secong revolutionary civil war period (1930.12), Deng Xiaoping, Zhang Yiyun and Li Mingrui led the Second Red Army from Guangxi Province, through Tongdao County, to Jiangxi Central Revolutionary Base in north. In Sep. 1934, Ren Bishi, Xiao Ke, Wang Zhen led the advance force of the Sixth Red Army to occupy Tongdo, and through Jinzhou County to meet the Third Red Army led by He Long. During the Long March period, when the Red Army led by Mao Zedong, Zhu De, Zhang Wentian, Wang Jiaxiang and Bo Gu passed by Tongdao, the famous “Tongdao Meeting” was held to carry out the atrategic transfer that had saved Chinese revolution, which was called the strategic “ Transfer in Tongdao” in the history. Thus, Tongdao became one of key red travelling routes while the meeting site “ Gongchrng Ancient School” became a revolutionary education base.

Tongdao Dong Nationality Autonomous County

Rich Resources and Species

The special natural conditions in Tongdao County are excellent for developing the agriculture. As a key forestry county in China (forest coverage: 72.23%), Tongdao County has the most tree species in Hunan Province with 2,521 species of 960 genera in 246 families, holding 2/5 of all subtropical plant species in China. Among them, 60 species are national protected rare plants while more than 20 species of provincial key protected trees. Besides, there are rich animal and mineral resources under the exotic geological structure. It teems with fir, pine, miscellaneous trees, bamboo, medicinal materials, orange, summer orange, Kiwifruit, ginger, camellia Oil, mushroom, agaric, carya, and bamboo shoot slices and other agriculture products while industries of root carving, gardening and national weaving brocades are nourishing growing. The rich water resources cause an electric quantity of over 100,000 kilowatts. Currently, the flowing water resources are fully used to develop tourism, such as Longdi self-help eco-rafting tourism is an excellent recreating place. 

Excellent Natural Landscapes

This district consists of plentiful elegance and distinctive scenic resources: Wanfoshan Danxia landform which is called “natural Great Wall”; the well-preserved primitive forests in Hongmenchong (area: about 66,667ha.); luxuriant forests in dig scale; the scenery of subtropical ravine rain forests in enke; the erected Isolated Stone Peak which can exceed the Solitary Beauty peak in Guilin City; Yangdangtan Waterfall, Lizijie Waterfall and majestic waterfalls group in Xianxiang Town; the scene of high valley with horizontal lake(e.g. Shaikou electric station). Besides, Dong villages are situated near hills and rivers with special and exquisite stilted wooden house in railing styles. Particularly, in Dong Cultural Corridor, the three treasures in Dong architectures of the drum tower, village gate and covered bridge are widely distributed. Among them, majestic Matian Drum-tower, lofty Baiyiguan Drum-tower, exquisite Huilong Bridge, magnificence General Blessed Bridge and distinctive ancient architectures group in Yutou Village are interspersed among the elegance natural landscapes to compose beautiful pictures. 

Tongdao Wanfo Mountain Scenic Area

Ancient National Culture 

As a minority area main with Dong resident, Tongdao County has brilliant cultural heritage and attractive ethic customs. With fancy weaving and embroidering skills, Dong p[people are famous for their costumes (various styles and exquisite skills & patterns), brocades, and kerchiefs. Getting a reputation of Singing & Dancing County, Tongdao conserves tens of national instruments, songs and dances, among which the Dong lute, Dong drama, Dong songs, Duoye (a kind of Dong performance) and Lusheng ( a pipe instrument made by bamboo) are most popular. Dong people keep their unique customs in the normal living, family, marriage, festival, warship, funeral, and production from old time, such as, the pickle foods, oil tea and Dong bitter wine can impressed you. 

Tongdao Dong Nationality Autonomous County

Convenient Traffic, Bank and Communication Facilities; Superb Tourism, Business and Investment Environments

Tongdao has convenient traffic conditions: Zhiliu Railway crosses there; the national highway 209 lies from north to south; the provincial highway 211 connects it to Shaoyang City and then directly to Changsha (the provincial capital); its 175km away from Guilin City. Besides, the on-line management and national interconnection system are covered in the Agriculture Bank of China, China Construction Bank and China Postal Savings while the internet, mobile and telecommunication services and towns. As the constant development of the Reform and Opening Policy, Tongdao Dong County will show its new appearance and gesture to the tourists from everywhere.


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